Both good and bad bacteria can be found in your mouth. Having a consistent daily oral care routine, in addition to visiting the dentist regularly can help decrease the impact of harmful bacteria in your mouth. Below you will find the common types of oral bacteria and what you can do to protect yourself.
Types of Bacteria In the Mouth
Your mouth has a wide variety of different bacteria in it. In fact, there are over 70 different types of bacteria in your mouth but most of them occur naturally and aren’t harmful. Bacteria of all kinds can be found all over your mouth, including your teeth, gums, tongue, cheeks, and the back of your throat. Some types of bacteria are harmful and can cause dental issues, including tooth decay and gum disease. Focusing on reducing the number of bad bacteria in your mouth can help improve your oral health and reduce your risk of dental issues.
Three common types of harmful bacteria can impact your oral health. One is related to tooth decay, and the other two are related to gum disease. The most common harmful bacteria related to tooth decay is Streptococcus mutans. It lives all over your mouth and thrives off of sugar and sucrose products. Once the harmful bacteria combine with sugar, they can rapidly duplicate and secrete harmful acids. The harmful acids attack your tooth’s enamel which results in tooth decay.
The two most common harmful bacteria related to gum disease, also referred to as periodontal disease, include Treponema denticola and Porphyromonas gingivalis. These types of bacteria can survive without oxygen and can multiply rapidly. They cause inflammation in your gums and disrupt the good bacteria in your mouth. Once the bacteria multiply, they can get underneath your gum line and negatively impact the connective tissue and bone around your teeth. If left untreated it can cause your teeth to loosen and possibly require removal.
Removing Harmful Bacteria
One of the best ways to get rid of harmful bacteria is by staying consistent with your daily oral care routine. This includes:
- Brushing at least twice a day for two minutes with a soft-bristled toothbrush
- Flossing daily
- Using antibacterial rinses regularly
Brushing and flossing alone won’t prove enough. You need to use the proper brushing and flossing techniques to reach all of the hard-to-reach places in your mouth. In addition to your daily oral care routine it is also important to visit the dentist regularly. We recommend you get a dental checkup at least every six months to maintain your oral health.
If the harmful bacteria in your mouth has impacted your oral health, you will likely need dental treatment. If harmful bacteria have caused tooth decay, it proves important to receive treatment right away. But, if caught early, you may only need a dental filling. However, if left untreated it can require a root canal or removal.
If harmful bacteria have caused gum disease, you will need periodontal treatment in Encino. The type of treatment depends on how advanced your gum disease is. There are two major stages of gum disease, including gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that only impacts your gums. However, periodontitis is more advanced and penetrates deep into your tissues affecting the bones that support your teeth. If it is determined that you have gum disease, you will need to visit the dentist more often so they can track the progress of the condition. Depending on how your gum disease progresses, your dental provider will discuss the most effective treatment options that are right for your unique dental needs.
Encino Family Dental
If you are concerned about the impacts of harmful bacteria on your oral health, contact Encino Family Dental. They are skilled in treating tooth decay and gum disease. Contact their office today for an appointment!